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Major efforts on the design of persistent hash table on a non-volatile byte-addressable memory focus on efficient support of crash consistency with fence/flush primitives as well on non-disruptive table rehashing operations. When a data entry in a hash bucket cannot be updated with one atomic write, out-of-place update, instead of in-place update, is required to avoid data corruption after a failure. This often causes extra fences/flushes. Meanwhile, when open addressing techniques, such as linear probing, are adopted for high load factor, the scope of search for a key can be large. Excessive use of fence/flush and extended key search paths are two major sources of performance degradation with hash tables in persistent memory. To address the issues, we design a persistent hash table, named TurboHash, for building high-performance key-value store. Turbo-Hash has a number of much desired features all in one design. (1) It supports out-of-place update with a cost equivalent to that of an in-place write to provide lock-free reads. (2) Long-distance linear probing is minimized (only when necessary). (3) It conducts only shard resizing for expansion and avoids expensive directory-level rehashing; And (4) it exploits hardware features for high I/O and computation efficiency, including Intel's Optane DC's performance characteristics and Intel AVX instructions. We have implemented TurboHash on the Optane persistent memory and conducted extensive evaluations. Experiment results show that TurboHash improves state-of-the-arts by 2-8 times in terms of throughput and latency.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.