Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

First Advisor

Shayesteh Narges Moghaddam

Second Advisor

Seiichi Nomura


Inconel 718 (i.e., IN718) is a prominent nickel-based, precipitation-hardening superalloy which exhibits exceptionally stable mechanical and corrosion resistant properties, even at temperature range of 650ºC to 700ºC, making it suitable for a wide range of applications such as aerospace, nuclear reactors, tooling, turbines, oil and gas applications. The high toughness and work hardening offered by this superalloy, however, greatly limits the choice of machinability. The presence of low levels of aluminum permits good weldability which further allows the use of laser-based additive manufacturing (AM) to efficiently fabricate IN718 parts without the limitations associated with conventional manufacturing methods. Thanks to AM techniques, it is possible to even fabricate parts with complex geometries, such as porous structures, thin walls, and curved surfaces. Implementation of engineered porosity in an IN718 part successively promotes further advantages such as reduced weight and material use, making them great candidates for lightweight applications such as aerospace, space, automobile, biomedicine, and defense industries. The porous structures commonly used in AM have been greatly inspired by the biological patterns and other naturally occurring structures such as honeycomb, molecular lattice cubic structures (e.g., FCC, FCC-Z, BCC, BCC-Z) and triply periodic minimal surface structures (e.g., Schwarz, gyroid and diamond). Different porous structures tend to have varied effects on the mechanical properties of the part based on the material used. While low density parts with enhanced local surface area can be fabricated for most of the materials along with other desired qualities, the key to obtain a part with optimized mechanical attributes is the right combination of the porous type and porosity level corresponding to the material involved. v In this study, IN718 structures with different porosity type and level are studies in terms of their microstructure and mechanical properties. To this aim, compression and hardness tests are conducted on all the test samples to obtain the mechanical properties. Also, compositional analysis using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and microstructural analysis using scanning electron microscope (SEM), are carried out on the specimens to study the defects and causes of failure. Through these tests and analyses, the process structure-property relationship for porous IN718 are also identified, which could be used as a basis for optimization of process parameters to achieve better mechanical properties and part quality.


Additive manufacturing, 3D printing, Metal additive manufacturing, IN718, Mechanical Properties, Inconel 718, Microstructure, Porous structures, Lattice structures, SEM, Scanning electron microscope, X-Ray diffraction, XRD, LBAM, SLM, PBF


Aerospace Engineering | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington