Palak Patel

Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

First Advisor

Dereje Agonafer


Telecommunication shelters house information technology (IT), networking, power, and cooling equipment such as racks, power cabinets, batteries, fans, etc. For reliable operation of the IT and networking equipment, shelters need to satisfy or exceed minimum environmental guidelines for all equipment they contain. These guidelines typically contain specified operational temperature, maximum gaseous and particular contaminant levels. In this work, cooling and ventilation needs of a telecommunication shelter at an altitude of 9,678 feet are studied by modeling the system and simulating various operational and weather scenarios using FloVENT 10.1, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tool. The shelter contains two compartments: the IT compartment and the battery compartment. The IT compartment contains Electronic equipment which generate specific amount of heat. The battery compartment contains three Lead Acid Gel Type battery strings. During charging of the batteries, Hydrogen gas is generated which is released into the shelter. Sufficient ventilation is needed to keep the level of Hydrogen in the shelter under 2% concentrations by volume level. Amount of Hydrogen generation by the batteries and heat dissipation by all electronic components in the shelter varies during day or night time. This study contains the worst case scenarios during winter and summer which are studied assuming steady state conditions. Due to accumulation of hot air and hydrogen near roof line, Exhaust is shifted to top and also two small holes are created to provide proper ventilation. Supplemental heating is provided for winter to keep temperature at desired level. By providing inlet blowers and above briefed ventilation, it has been noticed that maximum temperature and hydrogen level is achieved as desired.


Aerospace Engineering | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington