Sean Menezes

ORCID Identifier(s)


Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

First Advisor

Michael Bozlar

Second Advisor

Ankur Jain

Third Advisor

Kumar Ratan


Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is a popular 3D printing process which uses a spool of thermoplastic polymer filament that is melted by the movable extruder printer head onto the bed to generate the required shape. The most used polymer filaments in FDM are Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) and Poly Lactic Acid (PLA). However, these conventional polymer filaments have lower mechanical strength and are more susceptible to cracking as the cooler parts of the printed part shrink so much that they cause cracks to develop, leading to warping. The current investigation focuses on the synthesis of graphene, synthesis of polymer filaments and characterization techniques for further development of graphene reinforced polymer filaments. Graphene is made from a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. The improved thermal transport properties provided by graphene to the polymer will lead to a lower heat differential between layers being printed and prevent warping from occurring. The high strength to weight ratio of graphene will lead to the formation of mechanically stronger 3D printed parts. The synthesis of graphene carried out in the lab led to the development of successful batches of functionalized graphene that can be used in the development of graphene reinforced polymer filaments. With the Determination of the relationship of parameters between the extruder and the winding unit, spools of uniform diameter filaments can be developed for usage. The characterization techniques developed over the course of this study prove to be accurate for the measurement of tensile strength and thermal conductivity of polymer filaments. These characterization techniques can be used for the evaluation of tensile strength and thermal conductivity of graphene-reinforced polymer filaments to show the changes developed by the introduction of graphene.


Polymer filaments, Graphene, Thermal conductivity, Fused deposition modeling, Extrusions, Characterization techniques


Aerospace Engineering | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington