Tugba Cebe

Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering


Materials Science and Engineering

First Advisor

Pranesh B Aswath

Second Advisor

Venu Varanasi


Bone has the ability to heal fractures so long as the size of the fracture is sufficiently small. If the defect is large or of critical size, a filling material or graft will be needed to help bone union. Among all the available methods to address this medical condition, the common drawback of grafts is that they are limited in supply since a biological site or organism is needed to harvest the biological graft. As a new approach, researchers have been working with bioceramics and biopolymers for their use in bone tissue engineering. In this work, chitosan was modified with methacrylic anhydride. After the methacrylation process, methacrylated chitosan (MAC) was able to print a scaffold using a 3D printer (robocasting). Then, the MAC was integrated with laponite (MAC-Lp) and the printed scaffold in order to compare its properties with methacrylated gelatin (MAG) containing the laponite (MAG-Lp) scaffolds. Mechanical, dynamic mechanical and rheological properties were measured between MAC, MAC-Lp, MAG, and xvii MAG-Lp. We observed that the addition of laponite increased its viscosity, storage modulus, loss modulus and mechanical strength. Later, it was studied in vitro studies using MC3T3-E1 osteoblast precursor cell lines with MAC, MAC-Lp, MAG, MAG-Lp scaffolds and it was observed that MAC, MAC-Lp results in viability. Proliferation was greater than the MAG, MAG-Lp scaffolds. Finally, every scaffold was seeded for matrix deposition at 28 days and characterized with FTIR. Similarly to MAG and MAG-Lp scaffolds, the MAC and MAC-Lp scaffolds showed Amide I, III bands and additional phosphate bands. The highest ratio occurred in the MAC-Lp and MAC scaffolds. The MAC-Lp scaffolds were characterized with SEM to demonstrate fiber, and the SEM-EDS to show Ca and P atoms. The MAC-Lp scaffolds demonstrated collagen fiber, Ca and P atoms in the SEM.


Gelatin, Chitosan, Scaffold, 3D printing, Bone


Engineering | Materials Science and Engineering


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington