Bijan Gaire

Document Type

Honors Thesis


Hypertension is the condition that occurs when the blood constantly pushes the wall of vessels with maximum force for a longer period. ny blood pressure above 140/ 90 mmHg is considered hypertension and if it crosses 180/120 is called severe hypertension. Hypertension causes different diseases related to the kidney, heart, and brain. Major causes of hypertension are unhealthy lifestyles like smoking, drinking, lack of exercise, and obesity. The preventive measure for hypertension is to follow a healthy lifestyle. Currently, there is both invasive and non-invasive treatment for hypertension. Invasive treatment involves the use of medications like Thiazide diuretics, Angiotensinconverting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). There are side effects of these drugs which make you feel tired, drowsy, nervous, and headache. On the other hand, non-invasive treatments are RESPeRATE and Physio Cue’s device. The problem with these devices is they take more time to treat the condition. Therefore, there is a need for a non-invasive device that can treat the condition in a safer and faster way. We have developed a non-invasive bioelectronic device for hypertension which aims to reduce the blood pressure of a patient by (5-20) mm Hg in 10 minutes. We have developed our device for the human and animal model(rat). The device for a rat was fabricated and was under testing but the data could not be collected because of the current pandemic. We could observe the muscle twitching when subjected to stimulation. Likewise, we finalized the design for the human model but could not start the fabrication process because of the current pandemic.

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