Document Type

Honors Thesis


This study was conducted to investigate the use of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous (IV) insertion to minimize the pain patients experience with insertion. During this quantitative study, 201 adults were randomly assigned to have their peripheral IVs placed by ultrasound-guided insertion and insertion by the bedside nurse. After the procedure, nurses assessed the pain the subject felt during the procedure using a verbal pain scale, and asked how the patient compared the procedure to the last peripheral IV that they experienced. There were significantly lower pain scores with the use of ultrasound-guided insertion (p=0.021) and the number of attempts it took to successfully insert a peripheral IV (p=0.038) were significantly fewer with ultrasound-guided insertion. Additionally, there was a statistically significant correlation between insertion method and the experience of having an IV placed compared to previous IV insertions(X2=0.648, p=0.008). Clinicians can improve the experience that patients have with the placement of peripheral IVs through ultrasound-guided peripheral IV insertion and limiting the number of attempts required.

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