ORCID Identifier(s)


Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Civil Engineering


Civil Engineering

First Advisor

Sharareh Kermanshachi


Communities resilient to disasters have the ability to return to the normal state quickly and with the least possible delay; however, the causes of delays in the post-disaster recovery phase remain an important concern. Yet, different scholars have studied the long-term post disaster recovery process, barriers in the long-term disaster reconstruction have been studied rarely. This study fills the major gap in the research by identifying barriers in post disaster reconstruction and best practice to increase the speed of the recovery. In this regard, an in-depth review of more than one-hundred scholarly papers in this area was performed, policies and legal barriers to timely post-disaster recovery were identified, the identified barriers were categorized, and recommendations for ways to avoid delays in the recovery process are presented. Fifty- eight barriers were found from the past studies and, they were assigned to one of the seven disaster recovery categories. To validate the identified post-disaster reconstruction legal and policy barriers, ten practitioners and professionals with extensive experience and knowledge in emergency management were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. Key findings suggested that lack of community consultation and improper land use determination are two major barriers to effective post-disaster reconstruction processes. The findings of this study help decision-makers to understand how the barriers cause delay in post-disaster recovery processes and propose recommendations to minimize them.


Legal, Post-disaster recovery


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Civil Engineering | Engineering


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington