ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0002-7555-0811

Graduation Semester and Year

2018

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Social Work

Department

Social Work

First Advisor

Courtney Cronley

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to bridge a gap in the literature about health disparities experienced across the intersection of multiple identities of women in the United States. Through the theoretical frameworks of the Structural Determinants of Health (SDH; Solar & Irwin, 2010) and Minority Stress Theory (Meyer, 2003), the researcher conducted a cross-sectional anonymous online survey to test the multifaceted SDH statistical model with the Perceived Wellness Survey (PWS) as an outcome indicator for perceived health for sexual minority and non-sexual minority women. A great collection of research reveals increased rates of mental health problems, rates of victimization, and some physical health disparities among the sexual minority population (Plöderl & Tremblay, 2015; Simoni, Smith, Oost, Lehavot, & Fredriksen-Goldsen, 2017). With an estimated population of over 5.5 million sexual minority women in the U.S. (Gates, 2017), it is critical to understand the full extent of health disparities by sexual minority women. The hypotheses of this study are: (1) The PWS will become more reliable for heterosexual, lesbian, and bisexual women once sexuality concerns are added to the survey; and (2) The Intermediary Determinants of Health (a component within the SDH) will mediate the PWS between heterosexual, lesbian, and bisexual women. The researcher developed the statistical model to test the integration of the SDH and MST frameworks by creating composite scores for each of the health-predicting factors. The model supported the SDH framework for all white women grouped, with white millennial women fitting the SDH model most accurately. The models for minority women, regardless of age cohort or sexual orientation, did not meet all criteria for partial mediating mediation. The theoretical, research and practice implications are discussed.

Keywords

Social determinants of health, Sexual minority, Women's health, Health disparities

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Social Work Commons

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