Graduation Semester and Year

2017

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Social Work

Department

Social Work

First Advisor

Debra Woody

Second Advisor

Noelle L Fields

Abstract

African American women experience domestic violence at a rate that is 35% higher than the domestic violence rate of White women. Moreover, African American women encompass 8% of the U.S. population but account for 22% of domestic violence-related homicide victims. African American women are at greater risk for facing economic difficulties, homelessness, unemployment, and health and educational disparities due to domestic violence. However, little attention has been given to the lived experiences of older women who are domestic violence survivors. No extant literature related to the experiences of African American survivors of domestic violence from a retrospective lens was available, suggesting the need for conducting this study. Therefore, this study explored factors affecting survivorship among African American women aged 55 years and older who experienced domestic violence in the past. Six semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with older African American women to understand their lived experiences as survivors of domestic violence. Theories of phenomenology and hermeneutics provided the theoretical framework for this study. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework guided the research design and data analysis process. Findings resulted in three major themes related to the lived experiences of study participants including understanding the past, acknowledging the journey, and reclaiming and rebuilding life. Study findings also suggest several factors related to domestic violence survivorship, including social support, church, resources, and education. Overall, the findings pointed toward the need for generating more culturally-sensitive and culturally-tailored programs and services to address domestic violence in the African American community. Additionally, services are needed that include faith-based education, training, and prevention programs to enable churches and social workers to address the unique cultural needs of African American women who have endured domestic violence.

Keywords

African Americans, Older women, Domestic violence, Faith

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences | Social Work

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Social Work Commons

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