ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0001-8171-3595

Graduation Semester and Year

2018

Language

English

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Psychology

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Perry N Fuchs

Second Advisor

Yuan Bo Peng

Abstract

The relationship between pain and age has been studied for decades. However, research has produced conflicting results for pain thresholds and pain affect in clinical assessments. Likewise, pre-clinical research is conflicting and sparse, limiting the extent of any overarching conclusions. Despite conflicting results on directionality (higher thresholds verses lower thresholds), pain sensitivity and pain affect seem to change with age. Two major arguments have surfaced to explain these differences. The first is, the aging process can lead to changes in peripheral pain signals of pain pathways. The second is, higher order processes that evaluate pain information change with age. For the current project, it was hypothesized that older animals would have diminished peripheral pain pathways due to the natural aging process; leading to decreased nociceptive behaviors for acute pain in older animals compared to younger animals. However, chronic pain was predicted to strengthen the signals in these pathways for all age groups due to continued use of the pathway. Since older individuals have been shown to inhibit pain less effectively than younger individuals, it was also predicted that (contrary to acute pain) chronic pain should elicit greater nociceptive behaviors in older animals than in younger animals. In this study, Sprague Dawley Rats were categorized in two groups: young and old. A limited arthritic model was used to induce pain, while the control group received saline injections. Subjects were evaluated on mechanical and thermal thresholds to evaluate sensory processing of pain. Pain affect was evaluated using the Place Escape/Avoidance Paradigm (PEAP testing) and immunohistological assessments of c-fos expression in the anterior cingulate cortex. The current study verified that old rats have differing levels of pain sensitization and pain affect than young rats. It was determined that chronicity of pain could interact with age to alter pain processing, but did not have any main effect on threshold results or assessments of pain affect.

Keywords

Age, Nociception, Affect, Chronic pain

Disciplines

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Psychology Commons

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