ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0003-1345-6405

Graduation Semester and Year

2022

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Daniel Levine

Abstract

An experience with a different culture (cross-cultural experience; CCE) can provide opportunities to think about new and unfamiliar concepts and to solve problems using cross-cultural knowledge and inspired thinking. This could be because a CCE disrupts rigid thinking and compels open, unique, and integrative thinking. To test this, three experiments were executed. Each tested the influence of a temporary mindset of deculturation, which describes thoughts related to suppressing one’s dominant culture while adapting to a new culture, on generative forms of creative thinking. Two of these experiments also evaluated the influence of the temporary mindset, acculturation, which describes thoughts of combining elements of distinct cultures while adapting to new cultures, on generative and convergent forms of creative thinking. The final experiment additionally assessed the influence of a joint mindset of deculturation (cultural suppression) and acculturation (cultural fusion) on generative and convergent forms of creative thinking. Furthermore, this research examined traits of cognitive flexibility, or adept mental task-switching and conceptualizing, integrative complexity, or mental diversification and recombinative thinking, cultural adaptability, or aptitude to experience diverse cultures, and cultural identification, or a developed sense of intrapersonal cultural identity. These experiments consistently determined that deculturation mindsets relate to enhanced creative performance, typically for numerous measures of divergent thinking. This project also determined that certain cultural identification strategies, namely marginalization, integration, and assimilation, and forms of cultural adaptability consistently relate to various creative performance outcomes. In contrast to previous research, integrative complexity and cognitive flexibility were not found to significantly associate with most creativity measures.

Keywords

Creativity, Acculturation, Deculturation, Diversity, Multiculturalism, Culture

Disciplines

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Psychology Commons

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