ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0002-0263-9567

Graduation Semester and Year

2018

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Angela Liegey-Dougall

Abstract

Evidence suggests that lifestyle and environmental factors may contribute to later life cognitive decline and dementia. Although there is a large amount of evidence linking psychological and physiological factors to general memory performance, little focus has been given to specific memory systems. The present study was designed to investigate relationships between psychophysiological health predictors and recollection and familiarity processes of recognition memory. We hypothesized that these recognition processes may be differentially impacted by the included health variables. The present study involved 96 relatively healthy young adults between 17 and 25 years old. Health measures included visceral obesity (waist-to-hip ratio), heart rate variability (root mean square of the successive differences in heart beats), inflammation (serum interleukin 6 levels), stress and anxiety (Perceived Stress Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and depression symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale-Revised). The results showed that state and trait anxiety were related to recollection, but not familiarity. High trait anxiety was related to better recollection, whereas high state anxiety was related to poorer recollection. We also found that heightened levels of inflammation and depression symptoms were related to worse recollection, but better familiarity. Furthermore, we showed that trait anxiety, inflammation, and depression served as suppressor variables for each other. These findings suggested that trait anxiety was beneficial for recollection, especially when inflammation and depression were controlled, and that inflammation and depression shifted recognition processes from recollection toward a greater dependence on familiarity. These findings are important because they demonstrate that depression and inflammation are impacting recognition processes in young, relatively healthy adults, suggesting a need for health interventions early in life to help prevent late life cognitive decline and dementia.

Keywords

Recognition, Recollection, Familiarity, Unitization, Stress, Depression, Inflammation

Disciplines

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Psychology Commons

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