ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0003-0865-2786

Graduation Semester and Year

2019

Language

English

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Earth and Environmental Science

Department

Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Arne Winguth

Second Advisor

Andrew Hunt

Abstract

Anthropogenic-induced climate change is occurring at an unprecedented rapid rate, compared to the geologic past. In this study, CO2 stabilization scenarios (1x, 2x, and 4x preindustrial atmospheric pCO2 levels) utilizing the Community Earth System Model (CESM) are carried out to assess the response of oxygen minimum zones to net primary production and vertical carbon fluxes in a changing climate. Compared to the 1x CO2 experiment, sea surface temperature (SST) rise in the 4x CO2 scenario, to 3 °C to 5 °C in the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, between 30 °S and 60 °S. In contrast, the North Atlantic Ocean and around Greenland cools by 6.5 °C which is linked to the weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). In the 4x scenario, export production decreases in the northern Atlantic Ocean, consistent to the cooling and reduced AMOC, and in the central equatorial Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, due to reduced Ekman-induced upwelling and associated decline in surface nutrient concentration. In contrast, export production increases in the region of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), linked to a rise in surface phosphate (PO4) concentration. Surface nitrates (NO3) decrease globally, especially around the equator. Dissolved Oxygen (DO) concentration at intermediate depth of equatorial Atlantic and Pacific Ocean water masses decreases from 1x CO2 to the 4x CO2, linked to both a decrease in Apparent Oxygen Utilization (AOU) and decline in oxygen solubility by the warming.

Keywords

Oxygen minimum zone, Carbon dioxide

Disciplines

Earth Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

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