ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0002-0840-5016

Graduation Semester and Year

2021

Language

English

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Earth and Environmental Science

Department

Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Qinhong Hu

Abstract

The Permian Basin currently leads the oil production in the United States; however, with increasing concerns for the global climate, it is crucial for oil and gas companies to operate as economically and efficiently as possible. This is where the use of well cuttings comes in, as they allow for more geological formations in the subsurface to be analyzed in depth and are cheaper to achieve than core samples. Well cuttings can be obtained from most drilling operations, and they can save on analysis time and even be analyzed on site. Before using well cuttings, it is important to ensure that the well cuttings give a good data and are a viable substitution and supplementation for core samples. This study investigated the viability of well cuttings using various tests of helium pycnometry, enveloping density, X-ray diffraction (XRD), pyrolysis, total organic carbon (TOC), and gas diffusion tests. These integrated tests produced data for petrophysical properties such as particle density, bulk density, porosity, mineralogical content, TOC content, thermal maturity, and gas diffusion coefficient. Well cutting samples were obtained from one well, Spade K in Hockley County, Texas. A total of 12 sample intervals from this well covered a 3340-foot depth range to include five different geologic formations. The testing results of these well cutting samples suggest that particle density, bulk density, thermal maturity, and pyrolysis data can all be obtained from well cutting samples, replacing core samples with current laboratory practices. For X-ray diffraction, more information on drilling fluid is needed, and sample preparation will need to be adjusted but the experimental procedures are adequate. Gas diffusion testing in this study were inconclusive.

Keywords

Well cuttings, Wolfcamp, Clearfork, Dean, Cisco, Petrophysical

Disciplines

Earth Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

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