Author

Jordan Foote

Graduation Semester and Year

2020

Language

English

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Earth and Environmental Science

Department

Earth and Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Majie Fan

Abstract

Understanding the controlling factors of modern surface water stable isotope compositions is important for reconstructions of paleoclimate and paleoelevation. Few studies have attempted to understand patterns of surface water isotope compositions and their controlling factors in Mexico. Here I study the δ18O, δD and d-excess values of 124 modern river, lake and spring water samples across the Sierra Madre Occidental, Central Mexican Plateau and Sierra Madre Oriental to constrain the spatial pattern and lapse rate. These samples were collected at various elevations after the wet season in 2019. The isotope data were integrated with moisture back trajectory analysis and climatic and geographic data to understand the controlling factors of the pattern and rate. The moistures were predominantly from oceans along the coasts and continental recycled moisture accounts for ~17% of the total in arid Central Mexican Plateau. The isotope compositions decrease generally from coastal regions to the mountains, and the lake water isotope data display the largest variations, particularly in the arid highland in the continental interior, because of evaporation. The δ18O isotope lapse rates are small, -0.9‰/km for rivers and -1.4‰/km for springs in the Sierra Madre Occidental because of the catchment effect on both water types and evaporation of river water in the lowland. The local meteoric water lines of different water types are between 4.9 and 5.6, lower than that of the Global Meteoric Water Line, suggesting the influence of evaporation. A comparison of my surface water isotope data with previously published groundwater and precipitation isotope data suggests that the groundwater and our surface water all sourced from precipitation, and the groundwater experienced some degree of evaporation. The new understanding has implications for reconstructions of regional paleoelevation.

Keywords

Isotope, Mexico, Water, Hydrology, Geochemistry, Oxygen

Disciplines

Earth Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

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