Graduation Semester and Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry


Chemistry and Biochemistry

First Advisor

Peter Kroll


Physical properties of solids at high pressure hold the key to many interesting questions in earth and planetary sciences, as well as in applied sciences. At high pressure, most ambient-pressure materials become unstable and transform into new and denser phases. In recent years, many solids with new structure types have been realized at high pressure through experiments and predicted in numerical simulations. Some of these structures are novel and had not been seen at ambient pressure. Some possess a variety of electronic states, i.e., metallic, superconducting, or super-hard states [YAO08]. These discoveries are of high interests both for their potential technological applications and contribute to the understanding of the fundamental aspects of electronic processes in solids such as chemical bonding. The study of physical properties of high-pressure solids is one research area that have greatly benefited from computational research. In experiments, high pressure can be attained, for instance, in diamond anvil cells. Adjusting pressure in computational studies can be accomplished straightforwardly by varying the size of unit cell. With the rapid developments of computational power and advanced software, theoretical studies of solids at high pressure bloom over the past two decades. The complexities of the materials that can be studied and the accuracy in which physical properties can be predicted have increased rapidly over the years. Computations with well-established first-principles methods have played an important role in exploring and guiding experiments at high pressure. Numerical simulations have now been established as an important tool in cooperation with experiments at high pressure. On the other hand, new experiments at high pressure continue to provide challenging tests for both theory and numerical methods, and help to further develop more sophisticated principles and algorithms [MON07].


Chemistry | Physical Sciences and Mathematics


Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Chemistry Commons