Graduation Semester and Year

2021

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Quantitative Biology

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Mark Pellegrino

Abstract

Mitochondria are essential cellular organelles known for their role in energy production, apoptosis, aging, calcium signaling and others. Due to their essential nature, mitochondria are often under attack by numerous pathogens as a means to promote their infection. Consequently, mitochondrial function is often perturbed during infection, a phenomenon that must be mitigated in order for the host to survive. Cells employ various tactics to repair damaged mitochondria during stresses such as pathogenic infection. One way of countering mitochondrial stress is through the recovery mechanism known as the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt). The UPRmt supports mitochondrial recovery by promoting mitochondrial proteostasis via chaperones and quality control proteases, as well as regulating the detoxification of free radicals, and supporting metabolic adaptations. In addition, the UPRmt is also coupled to the regulation of innate immunity, to defend the host against pathogenic infections. However, pathogens have also evolved means to subvert this stress response pathway in an effort to out-maneuver the host. The following dissertation explores the relationship between the UPRmt and bacterial infection by first characterizing an output of the UPRmt that has direct antimicrobial activity. Second, the mechanism by which an opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, represses the UPRmt protective pathway is explored both at the level of pathogen and the host.

Keywords

Mitochondrial unfolded protein response, Pathogen, C. elegans

Disciplines

Biology | Life Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Biology Commons

Share

COinS