ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0002-8425-4782

Graduation Semester and Year

2021

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Quantitative Biology

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Sen Xu

Second Advisor

Woo-Suk Chang

Abstract

The rhizosphere microbiota and endosymbionts are the major contributors to biogeochemical cycling and significantly impact the associated host plant. Their association with plant roots is inevitable for plant health and development. The application of bio inoculants that promote plant growth and productivity is a promising alternative to chemical fertilizers in agricultural fields because of their nutrient solubilization activity, and are considered environmentally safe. However, their impact on the soil microbiome has been least studied. The use of bio-inoculants may have favorable or unfavorable impacts on the native microbial community in the rhizosphere. Therefore, we attempt to evaluate the effects of a novel drought- tolerant bioinoculant treatment on the rhizosphere microbial community of the Soybean plant. In addition, constant development and refinement of bio-inoculant are also vital to sustained potential. Traditionally, most studies focused on identifying differentially expressed genes to identify molecular markers to develop a novel bioinoculant. However, underlying molecular mechanisms involve much more complex interactions among genes. We performed a network-based analysis to identify modules and hub genes in Bradyrhizobium japonicum under desiccation stress. This study provides further understanding of gene responses to water stress, and helps us develop a novel molecular marker for bio-inoculant selection and development. Along with developing an efficient bio-inoculant, the persistence of the inoculant in the soil under abiotic stressors is another primary concern. Recently, biochar has been proposed for various agronomic applications, including improved plant growth and soil fertility. We studied the effects of dairy effluent-saturated (SBC) and unsaturated wood-derived biochar (UBC) on Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) growth, soil fertility, and microbial communities in a greenhouse. Our research will provide a direction to increase the efficiency of bio-inoculant by biochar, thereby helping in sustainable agriculture.

Keywords

Microbial community, Rhizosphere microbiome, Biochar, Gene co-expression network

Disciplines

Biology | Life Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Biology Commons

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