ORCID Identifier(s)

0000-0002-7508-745X

Graduation Semester and Year

2023

Language

English

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Quantitative Biology

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Cara Boutte

Abstract

Today, about a quarter of the world’s population are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and therefore, are at risk of developing tuberculosis (TB) disease. Tuberculosis, on average, takes about six months to treat, and even longer for those with drug resistant Mtb infections (World Health Organization, 2022). Extended treatment times for these infections are caused by the inherent tolerance to antibiotics conveyed by mycobacteria’s distinct cell wall. Mycobacteria have a wide variety of cell wall regulators that help the cell adapt to stress, such as antibiotics. By understanding how these regulators work, we can learn how mycobacteria evade killing by antibiotics. This work aims to further investigate cell wall regulation. Specifically, we characterize the cell division regulator, SepIVA. We begin by analyzing the posttranslational modifications on SepIVA and how they affect SepIVA function. We also study the effects of SepIVA protein depletion on different cytoplasmic cell wall precursor enzymes and polar elongation. Finally, we determine how SepIVA helps mycobacterial cells adapt to certain stressors, mainly DNA damage. Our data led us to conclude that SepIVA is an activator of cell division and that arginine methylation on the N-terminus and C-terminus of SepIVA have differing roles in the cell cycle. We find that arginine methylation near the N-terminus of SepIVA promotes its role in polar elongation, while the C-terminus largely functions in septation. We characterize specific arginine residues that are crucial to SepIVA’s function in cell division as well as its response to DNA damage. Our results support the importance of cell wall regulation on the mycobacterial cell cycle and the treatment of TB.

Keywords

Cell divison, bacteria, molecular microbiology, mycobacteria, protein arginine methylation, polar elongation

Disciplines

Biology | Life Sciences

Comments

Degree granted by The University of Texas at Arlington

Included in

Biology Commons

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